The most common structure we are asked to form is an IBC (ie a Tax Free Offshore Company) + a Tax Free Private Foundation Combo. When advising on the formation of such an entity often we are asked Do I need a bank account for my Foundation?
In most cases your Foundation shouldn’t need a bank account right away. Why? Because usually the money flows in and through the company (see below which explains how/why).
The Company usually only pays a dividend to your Foundation:
(a) If the Company carries litigation risk and you want to park some money safely away from creditors/lawyers; or
(b) If you want to buy an investment; or
(c) If you’ve retired or moved to a tax free jurisdiction and you want to start drawing some Distributions from the Foundation
Offshore Company (IBC) Cash Flows
For most clients the money flows in and through the IBC/Tax Free Offshore Company.
Typically there are 6 ways that clients will access money via/from the IBC:
1. Set yourself up as an arms’ length consultant and have the IBC pay you consulting fees periodically. This means you should only have to pay tax on what the company pays you (and even that tax you should be able to minimise as a lot of what otherwise-might-be personal expenses could be written off as business costs, eg home office, utilities, car, phone, electrical/office equipment, stationery, computers travel etc etc etc).
2. Bring back the money as a loan. Yes this can be done but great attention to detail will be required particularly with respect to lending parties, loan terms and documentation.
3. Use an anonymous debit card and withdraw cash from automated teller machines. This can still work in some places though it should be noted that some of the bigger countries now have the ability to trace and connect one to such withdrawals (+ technically this is income that should be declared at home).
4. Have your IBC buy Bitcoin and then make a transfer of Bitcoin to yourself (you would need to firstly set up a Bitcoin account). You can then buy valuable goods and services using Bitcoin and none of these purchases should be seen by your local authorities.
5. Have your IBC form and fund a subsidiary ie 2nd tax free Offshore Company and then have that 2nd Offshore Company buy any substantial assets you’d like to have onshore (eg cars, real estate, shares, general investments etc). Yes in theory you could have your IBC buy these things but, given most likely there will be a Consultancy Agreement in place between you and the IBC (and payments going from the IBC to you which will be visible to your local tax authorities) the smarter thing to do would be to have a 2nd (seemingly unrelated) IBC buy these items for you.
6. Another option is to take the long hold view. What this entails is letting your capital base build over a period of years; Then, when you get to the stage where you are ready to close down your Offshore business, (or you are ready to retire) you can do one of two things: Either
(a) Expatriate your home country and become “non-resident for tax purposes”, shift to a country which has no income tax and/or CGT (eg Panama, UAE, Monaco, etc etc etc) and draw down the capital from your offshore entity (and bank the money tax free); or
(b) Expatriate your home country, become “non-resident for tax purposes”, and become a PT ie a Perpetual Traveller. How this can work is you spend say 4-5 months a years in one country, 4-5 months a year in another country and the rest of your time travelling. This way, assuming you are not seen to have substantial ties with any one country, you should not be considered as tax resident in any one country. Then you simply draw down the capital from your offshore entity (and bank the money tax free).
(And provided you have successfully become a non-resident for tax purposes of your home country, there’s nothing stopping you from changing your mind a year or 2 later about the expat life and returning to your home country with a bunch of tax free dollars in your back pocket).
Local laws can have an impact. Hence it would be wise to seek local legal/financial advice before committing to establish a Corporate Structure such as that described above.